Research Methodology

This study, which occurred in two phases, used a community-based participatory research approach and a mixed methods design. During phase one, we surveyed 2,859 primarily Latinx (91%) adults from Archer Heights, Back of the Yards, Brighton Park, Chicago Lawn, Gage Park, Little Village, McKinley Park, Pilsen, West Elsdon, and West Lawn. Through these surveys, we collected quantitative data on respondents’ three most pressing emotional needs, desire to access professional mental health services, and barriers to mental health service access. During phase two, we used qualitative methods to further explore mental health needs and access barriers among community residents. We collected qualitative data through nine open-ended individual interviews and eight community forums with community stakeholders.

Quantitative Analysis (Phase One)
Survey Items
Emotional Wellness Concerns
 
  • Depressive Symptoms
  • Anxious Symptoms
  • Acculturative Stress
  • Parenting Support
  • Trauma
  • Anger Control
  • Isolation
  • Relationship Support
 
Desire to Seek Support
 
 
Response options to statement "Please choose the option that best reflects your reaction to this statement: ‘I would consider seeking emotional support by a professional (counseling) as a way of dealing with my personal problem" included:
  • No
  • Probably No
  • Yes
  • Probably Yes
Barriers
 
Response options to statement “What are the things that make it difficult for you to access emotional support by a professional (counseling)? Please select all that apply" included:
  • Cost
  • Lack of transportation
  • Lack of childcare
  • Lack of health insurance
  • I do not believe those services would help me (coded as wouldn't help)
  • I would feel judged as "crazy" or "weak" or something else (coded as stigma)
  • My partner/family would not approve (coded as family disapproval)
  • It is difficult finding services in my preferred language 
  • Those services do not list in my area (coded as services not near)
  • I do not know where to go for those services (coded as don't know where to go)
  • The hours of service are not convenient for me (coded as hours not convenient)

Survey count by community.

Respondents and Data Collection by Neighborhood

Quantitative Data Collection

Sara Briseño, Mariela Estrada & Arturo Carrillo (Data Coordination).

A special thanks to the Promotorxs of BPNC, led by Mariela Estrada, who committed to ensuring data collection was done in each of the community areas of the southwest side, expanding their efforts to the 6 surrounding community areas.

Community Leaders of SWOP, led by Maggie Perales.

Community Leaders of Telpochcalli Community Education Project (TCEP), led by Maria Velazquez.

Community Leaders of U.N.I.O.N. Impact Center, led by Linda Coronado.

Promotorxs of Enlace Chicago, led by Amanda Benitez & Miguel A. Cambray.

Promotorxs of Universidad Popular, led by Olivia Ramírez & Abraham Celio.

Volunteers and staff from Pilsen Alliance.

Volunteers and staff from HOPE at St. Pius V.

Staff of the Saint Anthony Hospital: Community Wellness Program, led by Arturo Carrillo.

Qualitative Data Collection

Sara Briseño (Presenter/Facilitator, also coordinated Little Village Event)

Arturo Carrillo (Presenter/Facilitator)

Linda Coronado (Back of the Yards)

Mariela Estrada (Brighton Park)

Maggie Perales (Chicago Lawn/Gage Park)

Pilsen Alliance and St. Pius V (Pilsen)

Maria Velazquez (Little Village/Marshall Square)